Date of Award

Spring 2010

Document Type

Education 589 Project



First Advisor

Norah Hooper

Department Chair

Marie Sheckels

Major or Concentration



The Supreme Court's decision in the historic landmark case of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas (1954) "represents the most significant ruling in the history of the Supreme Court on equal educational opportunity. It is the cornerstone of all subsequent legal developments ensuring the rights of disenfranchised groups" (Ford & Webb, 1994, p. 359). However, despite the ruling that separate was not equal and segregation would no longer be an acceptable practice, disparities can be found in education, especially in regards to minority representation in gifted and talented programs. This literature review addresses the issue of determining the best practices for identifying, recruiting and retaining gifted and talented minority students so as to avoid disproportionate representation within gifted and talented programs, as well as a discussion of probable causes for the disproportionality. For purposes of this study, a minority is defined as those individuals of African American, Hispanic and/or Native American descent, as these groups have been extensively studied within the existing body of literature available.