Grace Boyers

Date of Award

Spring 5-1-2009

Document Type

Honors Project

Degree Name

Bachelor of Science


Psychological Science

Major or Concentration



This study examined the relationship between test anxiety, depression, and four of Ellis's (1963) irrational beliefs (demand for approval, anxious overconcern, helplessness, and frustration reactivity). Participants completed questionnaires examining test anxiety, depressive symptoms, and irrational beliefs. It was expected that the first three beliefs would be predictive of students' test anxiety scores. Students with high test anxiety and high depressive symptoms were also expected to score high on frustration reactivity, in contrast to low scores found among high test-anxious, low-depressive students. Demand for approval and anxious overconcern were found to be significant predictors of level of test anxiety. However, no significant differences were found between the high-depression and low-depression groups for the belief of frustration reactivity.

Included in

Psychology Commons