Date of Award

Spring 5-4-2017

Document Type

Honors Project

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts


Political Science and International Affairs

First Advisor

Barr, Robert

Second Advisor

Kramer, Jack

Major or Concentration

Political Science


This research focuses on identity as a source of opposition to national monuments. Whenever a new national monument or park is proposed, it faces almost constant opposition form local residents who often attribute their concerns to economic fears related to land use change, loss of industry, and threats to traditional practices like hunting or fishing. However, in most cases, national parks and monuments actually boost their local economies. Rather than taking an economic approach to analyzing community opposition to national monuments, this research uses identity as a lens to understand why communities continue to oppose new federal park land.