Date of Award


Document Type

Honors Project

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts


Political Science and International Affairs

First Advisor

Gupta, Surupa

Second Advisor

Kramer, Jack

Major or Concentration

International Affairs


Within international affairs academia, an understanding exists; when girls are educated, their families, their communities, their nations, and the world at large benefits. However, the academic work analyzing girls' education initiatives in developing nations has a partial view of the situation, focusing solely on those initiatives which combat logistical barriers. In previous research, it was found that a divide exists between the initiatives taken by NGOs and the United Nations working in Africa in which the former focuses on normative barriers to education while the later focuses on logistical barriers. What has yet to be discussed is the reason for this divide. Therefore, this paper will explore the constraints or limitations which cause western academics and the United Nations to focus solely on logistical initiatives while NGOs combat normative barriers to education within Kenya.