Date

4-28-2011

Document Type

Honors Project

First Advisor

Erchull, Mindy J.

Second Advisor

Liss, Miriam

Third Advisor

Mailloux, Jennifer

Department Chair or Program Director

Steckler, Debra

Degree Name

Bachelor of Science

Major or Concentration

Psychology

Department or Program

Psychological Science

Abstract

Society and the media put great emphasis on the female body as women are continuously objectified and reduced to mere objects to be looked at. Objectification may lead to the internalization of an outsider’s perspective, known as self-objectification, which may have serious consequences for women’s mental and physical health including eating disorders, low self-esteem, and depression. We anticipated that greater belief in sociocultural attitudes regarding the media would predict greater body surveillance and body shame which would then predict increased dissociation and subsequent feelings of depression and engagement in self-harm behaviors. A survey of 169 women was conducted. Results indicated that surveillance mediated the relationship between media variables and body shame. Additionally, dissociation mediated the relationship between surveillance and both depression and self-harm. Our research serves as the first indication that dissociation is inherently part of self-objectification and has important implications about the etiology of self-harming behaviors.

Language

English

Included in

Psychology Commons

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