Date of Award

Spring 4-20-2020

Document Type

Honors Project

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts


Classics, Philosophy, and Religion

Department Chair or Program Director

Romero, Joseph

First Advisor

Vasey, Craig

Major or Concentration



This paper investigates the problems which arise from integrating a notion of prime matter into Aristotle's works. After an analysis of both The Metaphysics and The Physics, it becomes clear that prime matter arguments do not adhere to Aristotle's ontological hierarchy. After exposing the flaws of the traditional prime matter argument, the extended prime matter argument, and the prime matter as a principle of change argument, a new interpretation of how Aristotle could respond to this problem of prime matter is presented. Aristotle's Final Cause serves to be a better candidate for the position which other scholars have granted prime matter primarily because it adheres to Aristotelian ontology.

Included in

Philosophy Commons