Date of Award
Bachelor of Arts
Classics, Philosophy, and Religion
Department Chair or Program Director
Mary Beth Mathews
Major or Concentration
This paper examines the change in the meaning of the word “unnatural” in Romans 1:26-27, and establish both an idea of what the Apostle Paul intended and a definition for how the word is used in modernity. There are five sections, each one building off of the next: Background, Analysis of the Text, Scholar’s Reading of the Text, Understanding and Usage in Antiquity, Modern Definition and Understanding, and Conclusion. The paper discovers that Paul’s intention with the word “unnatural” can be summarized as “any sex which is non-procreative, outside of marriage, and goes against gender roles.” However, a modern definition is that in Romans 1:26-27 “unnatural” refers to primarily to homosexuality.
Bradley, Emma, "Redefining Unnatural: A Modern Understanding of Paul’s Homophobia" (2023). Student Research Submissions. 509.