Innovations in Intern/Mentor Relationships and Conceptions of the Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK) Framework

Document Type


Journal Title

Teacher Educators' Journal

Publication Date

Fall 2022


The global COVID-19 pandemic has caused many adaptations to pre-service teacher preparation, especially supporting completion of field-based internship experiences. This mixed methods research project utilized surveys to analyze the impact of virtual settings on (1) intern (n=14) and mentor teacher (n=5) experiences and relationships and (2) the use of instructional technology, specifically Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK). Key findings indicated (1) reversals of traditional mentor/intern relationships and (2) the role of technology as the foundation of instructional decision-making, resulting in challenges when adapting pedagogies of classroom management, assessment, and differentiation to virtual settings.


The definitive article is available on the website of the Teachers Educators' Journal -

Publisher Statement

The Teacher Educators’ Journal (TTEJ) is published by the Virginia Association of Colleges and Teacher Educators (VACTE), a state unit of the Association of Teacher Educators (ATE) and the American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education (AACTE). The journal aims to stimulate discussion and reflection about issues related to teacher education.

This article is openly available on the web and through ERIC.