Carpe Diem and Consolation Horace’s Imitation and Manipulation of Greek Lyric Models
Department or Program
Department of Classics, Philosophy, and Religion
College of Arts and Sciences
Faculty Mentor #1
This thesis examines the influence of Greek lyric, namely Sappho and Alcaeus, on Horace’s carpe diem poems. Horace imitates Greek lyric in themes and meter. He also imitates the structure of alternation scenes and injunction passed down in the lyric tradition from the poet Archilochus. However, Horace distinguishes himself by adding uniquely Roman elements and varying the tones of his speaker. He utilizes the variety of tones or perspectives in order to highlight the proper response to death, enjoying the symposium.