Female Secondary School Stipend Programs in Bangladesh and Pakistan: What can we learn from South Asia’s CCTs?
Date of Award
Bachelor of Arts
Political Science and International Affairs
Department Chair or Program Director
Major or Concentration
While many developing countries have reported gender gaps in education, Bangladesh has made remarkable progress and terminated the gender gap in secondary school enrollment through its national Female Stipend Program (FSP) in the 1990s. Conditional Cash Transfer programs (CCTs) like the FSP have become a popular development policy prescription, but the literature on CCTs in South Asia is surprisingly limited. A similar program to the FSP, the Female Secondary School Stipend, was implemented in the Punjab province of Pakistan in 2004 and had modest success, increasing secondary school enrollment for girls by 10%. This paper compares and contrasts the two programs and identifies four factors- program design, education system differences, political factors, and economic factors- in order to offer possible explanations as to why the Bangladesh’s program was more successful. The paper draws upon what we can learn from Bangladesh’s accomplishment, in order to provide insight and recommendations for the Pakistani program and contribute to the gap in the literature in South Asian CCTs. Results are discussed.
Gibbons, Julia, "Female Secondary School Stipend Programs in Bangladesh and Pakistan: What can we learn from South Asia’s CCTs?" (2018). Student Research Submissions. 291.