Date of Award

Winter 12-11-2018

Document Type

Honors Project

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts


Political Science and International Affairs

Department Chair or Program Director

Jack Kramer

First Advisor

Surupa Gupta

Second Advisor

Rosalyn Cooperman

Major or Concentration

International Affairs


While many developing countries have reported gender gaps in education, Bangladesh has made remarkable progress and terminated the gender gap in secondary school enrollment through its national Female Stipend Program (FSP) in the 1990s. Conditional Cash Transfer programs (CCTs) like the FSP have become a popular development policy prescription, but the literature on CCTs in South Asia is surprisingly limited. A similar program to the FSP, the Female Secondary School Stipend, was implemented in the Punjab province of Pakistan in 2004 and had modest success, increasing secondary school enrollment for girls by 10%. This paper compares and contrasts the two programs and identifies four factors- program design, education system differences, political factors, and economic factors- in order to offer possible explanations as to why the Bangladesh’s program was more successful. The paper draws upon what we can learn from Bangladesh’s accomplishment, in order to provide insight and recommendations for the Pakistani program and contribute to the gap in the literature in South Asian CCTs. Results are discussed.