Resolver un problema por medio del método científico en el siglo XVIII: La Junta de Damas y la Inclusa
Date of Award
Bachelor of Science
Modern Languages and Literatures
Department Chair or Program Director
Dr. Marcel Rotter
Dr. Elizabeth Lewis
Major or Concentration
In the Age of the Enlightenment, women of nobility in Spain began to gain some authority to make important contributions to society in various ways. Through examining primary and secondary sources, and records from museums and archives in Madrid, we are able to gain insight into the political, social, and scientific achievements of these women. By breaking away from male-dominated spaces, these women's groups had the opportunity to hold their own power and make change in their community. This research will explore the scientific contributions of the Junta de Damas with the Real Inclusa de Madrid while emphasizing the importance of the women's movement at this time. The Junta de Damas was Spain's first secular civic association for women and the female branch of the all male equivalent society, Real Sociedad Económica Matritense de Amigos del País (Madrid Royal Economic Society of Friends of the Country). The group of women made significant scientific contributions to benefit infants using artificial feeding methods. Specifically, by improving hygienic standards they raised the infant mortality rate in the hospital. These findings show that women were able to make improvements when given the space and authority, and paved the way for further scientific and social advancements.
Killian, Madeline Clare, "Resolver un problema por medio del método científico en el siglo XVIII: La Junta de Damas y la Inclusa" (2023). Student Research Submissions. 541.