Virginia Social Science Journal
An analysis of statements by President Obama and by Democratic and Republican members of Congress selected for analysis by PolitiFact.com and Washington Post Fact Checker reveals that PolitiFact was more likely to find greater deceit in Republican rhetoric and that the Fact Checker was more negative overall in its assessments. Legislators who had more than one statement analyzed during the study period were disproportionally likely to be influential members of the House or Senate leadership or likely 2016 presidential candidates. The lawmakers selected for greater scrutiny were also more likely to be more ideologically extreme than the median members of their party caucuses.
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Farnsworth, S. & Lichter, S. (2019). Partisan Targets of Media Fact-checking: Examining President Obama and the 113th Congress. Virginia Social Science Journal, Vol. 53, pp. 51-62.